James Zarrillo defines assessment as, “the process of gathering, analyzing, and sharing information on the ability and achievement of students,” (2011).

  • Formative Assessment: the process of helping students achieve more
  • Summative Assessment: the process of making judgements

(Zarrillo, 2011)

In order to be effective in assessing students, teachers should develop an assessment plan for each social studies unit they teach. It should incorporate the following,

  1. Define sources of evidence that allow teachers to determine if students have mastered the standard(s) the unit addresses (measurable)
  2. Include some performance assessments (as opposed to content assessments)
  3. Developed at an appropriate point in the instructional planning process
  4. Allow the teacher to gather evidence from multiple sources

(Zarrillo, 2011)

I have written five assessment plans. Each provides measurable evidence that each individual student has met the indicated standards, is accompanied by a thorough description, and contains student instructions written at the appropriate grade level. Two assessment plans include a detailed rubric that allows the learning outcome and objective to be specifically measured.

The included assessment plans are as follows:


For more information on writing effective assessment plans, visit, Assessment of Social Studies Learning – Zarrillo, Chapter 3

Zarrillo, J. J. (2011). Teaching elementary social studies: Principles and applications (2-downloads) (4th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.